ANZAC Day [Info]

Posted by Bustaflash
Anzac Day is the day in which we remember the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who, on April 25 1915, landed at Gallipoli during WW1.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s tribute to the ANZAC forces.
“Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives… you are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours… You the mothers who sent their sons from far away countries wipe away your tears. Your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well.”

The Australian Commonwealth Military Forces badge, also known as the Rising Sun Badge.

Mustafa Kemal, commander of the Turkish 19th Division.

Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges commanded the 1st Australian Division.

On the 25th April, 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set to capture the Gallipoli peninsula. The landing was originally scheduled to occur on the 23rd April, but weather conditions prevented their departure from Lemnos until April 24.

The plans for the Gallipoli landing were not able to be made in secret, and by March 1915, the Turks were aware of the gathering British and Frence troops at Lemnos.

The landing at Anzac Cove was also known as the landing at Gaba Tepe, and to the Turks as the Ariburnu Battle.

The landing at Anzac Cove was part of the amphibious invasion by the forces of the British Empire.

In total strength, the ANZACs were 30, 638 men. They were to push ashore 1.6km north of their intended landing beach.

The ANZACs landed 1.6km further north than expected. Instead of open beaches, they were faced with steep cliffs and ridges, with heights up to around 300 feet (91m).

In total strength, the ANZACs were 30, 638 men. They were to push ashore 1.6km north of their intended landing beach. This mistake had put the ANZACs in a relatively undefended area.The Turks were positioned further south at Gaba Tepe to counter-attack any landing at the more southern point. The hills surrounding the mistaken landing site made the beach safe from direct fire from the Turkish artillery.

The ANZACS were informed at nightfall that evacuation was impossible, and advised to dig in and stick it out.

Between late November and 19-20 December 1915, the ANZACs gradually withdrew from the peninsula. On the morning of December 20th, the last ANZACs left the peninsula, after 8 months of fighting.

The full extent of casualties on the first day of the landing are not known.The Australian War Memorial has 860 Australian dead between 25-30 April and an estimated 2,000 wounded left Anzac Cove on April 25. Four men were taken prisoner by the Turks. A higher than normal proportion of the ANZAC casualties were from the officer ranks.

During the 8 months of the campaign, the full number of Turkish casualties is unknown, but is estimated to be around 87,000. The amount of Australians killed was 8,708. New Zealanders killed was 2,721.

Each year on April 25th, ANZAC day commemorates all the Australians and New Zealanders who served and died in all wars, conflicts and peacekeeping operations and the contribution and suffering of all those who have served. Dawn services are held all around the countries. In Turkey, large groups of Australians and New Zealanders gather at Anzac Cover to commemorate the landings.

Turkish machine-gunners at Gallipoli.

Lest we Forget

Categories: History

3 Responses so far.

  1. Carol says:

    Hi

    I am hoping that I can use some of these images to display on a programme commemorating 100years.

  2. Kristy says:

    Hi, i was just wondering if i could please use the ‘Lest We Forget’ picture at the bottom of your webpage to display on screen for only a couple of minutes tomorrow morning in our church?

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